First of all, it must be clarified that canine coronavirus is a different disease from human coronaviruses. Although there has been one case of an infected dog in Hong Kong, to date there is no evidence that a dog, cat or any pet can transmit COVID-19 to humans.
The canine coronavirus or CCV is an intestinal and infectious disease that, as in humans, is very fast to spread. This disease comes in two versions: one asymptomatic and another with the form of a clinical enteritis. It mainly affects puppies up to three months of age.
The mode of transmission of canine coronavirus or CCV is usually through contact of the animal with the contaminated feces of another dog. It is estimated that the viral filaments may inhabit the body and then lodge in the animal’s feces for up to 6 months.
Some favorable points for the appearance of this virus and to cause infections in the dogs are the intense excessive training and the conditions of overcrowding and unhealthy.
The most common symptoms of having this disease are vomiting, diarrhea, depression, dehydration, and mild breathing problems.
The treatment of this infection in dogs does not exist, since the animal’s own system cures it, although there are vaccines to prevent its spread. As precautionary measures to avoid contagion, one should try to keep the kennels clean and hygienic in the places where the animal frequents, as well as giving it a good cleanliness and avoiding contact with the feces of other dogs, whether in public or private places.
In case of contagion, the most advisable thing to do is to isolate the animal at the first symptoms it presents or if it has already been diagnosed with the canine coronavirus and avoid that the faeces come into contact with other animals, since the virus can persist there even long after it has been cured.